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International Phonetic Alphabet


Benefits of International Phonetic Alphabet for ESL Students

Phonetics, the study of the sounds of human speech, and in particular “Articulatory Phonetics”, are not commonly taught to native speakers of English, let alone learners of English as a second language. However if the learner is serious with their English and wish to progress to an advanced level, learning phonetics, in particular the International Phonetic Alphabet, would be of immense benefit.

学习英语要先学国际音标之三大好处

  1. 告别哑巴英语
    以前学英语以读、写为主,不太重视听、说,导致了我们亚洲人学的是哑巴英语.国际音标可以解决学习英语的一个最大的绊脚石,看单词就会发音,可以不必口难开了。

     
  2. 背单词容易多了
    没有词汇量的积累是不行的,而如何积累词汇量呢?国际音标从某种角度上来讲,起着决定性的作用。学习国际音标的目的是让大家看到一个单词就能准确拼读出来,从而达到有效记忆单词的效果。

IPA Symbol Pronounce Consonants English
Ʌ Ah / 啊 K Ʌ T Cut
Ʊ Uh / 乌 B Ʊ K Book


History

Main article: History of the IPA
In 1886, a group of French and British language teachers, led by the French linguist Paul Passy, formed what would come to be known from 1897 onwards as the International Phonetic Association (in French, l’Association phonétique internationale).[Their original alphabet was based on a spelling reform for English known as the Romic alphabet, but in order to make it usable for other languages, the values of the symbols were allowed to vary from language to language.[8] For example, the sound [ʃ] (the sh in shoe) was originally represented with the letter ⟨c⟩ in English, but with the letter ⟨x⟩ in French.[7] However, in 1888, the alphabet was revised so as to be uniform across languages, thus providing the base for all future revisions.


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